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Tanzania National Parks >>Ngorongoro Crater

Ngorongoro Conservation Area (NCA) is an extensive highland area along the eastern arm of the Rift Valley, with the renowned Ngorongoro Crater as its central point. Not a national park in the strict sense of the word, the NCA was established to conserve wildlife and other natural resources, as well as to safeguard the interests of indigenous people and promote tourism. Thus, guests on safari have the unique experience of seeing Masai herdsmen whose cattle graze side by side with the tremendous variety of wildlife found in the area.
Unmatched for its natural diversity, there are few places on earth where such a remarkable diversity of landscapes exist. Aside from its wildlife possessions, the conservation area is also of great archaeological substance, boasting with remains of some mankind’s earliest ancestors in the area.


Ngorongoro Crater

The Ngorongoro Crater is the world’s largest collapsed volcanic crater in an exceptional geographical position, forming a spectacular bowl of about 265 sq km with sides up to 600m deep. This 14km of isolated natural beauty and often called ‘the Eden of Africa’, is surrounded by a ring of extinct volcanoes and its floor, dotted with watering holes, shelters close to 30,000 animals.

Ngorongoro Landscape
At about 20km wide, Ngorongoro is one of the largest unflooded and unbroken caldera in the world. The crater floor consists of a number of ecological environments that include grassland, swamps, forests and Lake Makat, a central soda lake filled by the Munge River. All these habitats attract wildlife to graze here. In fact, the crater floor is one of the most densely crowded game areas in the world. The open grassland makes it easy to monitor, so it is also a stronghold for endangered species like black rhino and cheetah.


Ngorongoro is one of East Africa’s most visited destinations. It is because of this that it’s a big draw card for tourists coming to Tanzania. Within the crater rim, large herds of zebra and wildebeest graze nearby while sleeping lions laze in the sun. At dawn, the endangered black rhino returns to the thick cover of the crater forests after grazing on dew-laden grass in the morning mist. Just outside the crater’s ridge, tall Masai herd their cattle and goats over green pastures through the highland slopes, living alongside the wildlife as they have for centuries.

Ngorongoro Wildlife
In the Ngorongoro crater there are several wild animals which are founded there, the most popular animals found here are Buffaloes particularly the lone bulls and Olive Baboon, in rare case you can see bush pigs which are often visit to the camp to search for the scavenge, also the tree hyrax can be founded there, if you do not see them you can hear their voice during the night due to their distinctive and screeching call. The crater is said to have the densest concentration of wildlife in Africa. As such, Ngorongoro Crater has achieved world renown, and attracts a growing number of visitors each year. Even if time is limited this natural but accessibly small caldera ensures a rewarding safari.
Game viewing is truly incredible, and the topography and views of the surrounding Crater Highlands out of this make it a world-class attraction.


Ngorongoro Crater
also contain some of the bird prey, the most common bird prey is the Augur Buzzard which is either black and white or rare all black. Also in the area there is Verreaux’s Eagle, in South Africa they called a black Eagle, they have a white rump and which favours a mountainous area.
As very few animals migrate in and out of the Crater with its 2000ft high walls, you can expect to see lions, elephants, hippos, Zebras, Flamingos, Jackals, Rhinos, antelopes, and many birds and other species. The birds seen here include eagle.

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